Producing High Quality Rivets with CNC Machines(die casting mold Sheila)

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Rivets are an essential fastening component used in many manufacturing and construction applications. As products and structures are designed for increased durability, efficiency and precision, the quality of rivets has become increasingly important. This is where computer numerical control (CNC) machines play a vital role in rivet production.
CNC machines allow for precise, automated manufacturing that simply cannot be matched by manual methods. By programming the CNC machine, manufacturers can consistently produce large volumes of rivets with incredibly tight tolerances, optimal material usage, and zero defects. This results in superior quality control and final rivet products.
Material Selection
The starting point for quality rivet production is selecting the right material. This depends on the application and desired properties. Most rivets are made from steel, aluminum, copper, or titanium alloys. The strength, corrosion resistance, conductivity and cost of each material are factors. Working with CNC machines gives flexibility to rapidly switch between materials for different production runs.
Common rivet materials like 1144 steel or 2117 aluminum are readily machinable on CNCs. Strong alloys like 8740 steel and 7075 aluminum are also suitable for products demanding higher strength. More exotic materials like monel, inconel and titanium alloys can be machined for specialized applications like marine and aerospace where corrosion resistance is critical.
Blank Preparation
CNC machining requires properly sized blank material to start with. Blanks for rivets can be cut from rod, bar or wire stock to the approximate length and diameter needed. This preparatory step is essential for the CNC machine to function optimally.
Well-prepared blanks allow faster cycle times and more economical material usage on the CNC machine. If blanks are oversized, it results in unnecessary machine work and wasted material. If blanks are undersized, then time is lost handling or rejecting the pieces. Proper in-feed systems like magazines or hoppers that reliably supply blanks keeps the CNC rivet machining efficient.
Machining Operations
With CNC, myriad machining processes can shape rivet blanks into precision finished products. Turning, milling and drilling are typically involved depending on the features required. usually, the main body of the rivet is produced with turning operations. Then milling and drilling provide more advanced geometries.
Modern CNC machines are multi-capable, allowing different operations to be performed at one workstation. By combining processes, handling is minimized for greater speed and accuracy. The programmable nature of CNC allows fast changeovers between different rivet designs to accommodate orders for various rivet types and head styles.
Turning produces the main rivet shank by removing material radially while rotating. The nose end can also be shaped. Live tooling may be used during turning to undercut grooves or cross-drill holes for specialty rivets. Milling attaches heads and forms recessed areas through linear movements. Keyway slots, driving recesses and shoulders can be added by milling. Secondary drilling then provides the rivet shank hole. Deep hole drilling machines can produce holes with incredible length-to-diameter ratios through very small diameter rivets.
Swiss-type CNC lathes are ideal for rivets because of their ability to perform all necessary operations in a single setup while the part is fed through the headstock. This minimizes handling and ensures precision alignment between features. CNC provides the programming flexibility to produce standard rivets along with complex asymmetrical and multi-diameter designs.
Finishing Steps
After the main CNC machining, some additional steps may be necessary to finish rivets. Small burrs or sharp edges can be smoothed by tumbling or vibratory finishing. This prevents snagging during installation and enhances appearance. Aluminum rivets and some steel alloys are typically anodized for color and protection against corrosion. The anodizing must meet required specification standards.
Threading may be done for screw rivets that fasten by twisting into a tapped hole. Rolling is a cold forging method for adding a radial flare at the tail end to improve retention and pulling capacity. Other finishing processes like plating, passivation and heat treating assure rivets function properly and resist failure. Automated handling systems can move rivets directly from CNC machining to subsequent finishing stations in an efficient flow.
Quality Assurance
At key stages of production, inspection and testing verifies rivet quality. Dimensional inspection with electronic gaging or coordinate measuring machines determines if all features have been machined to print specifications. Diameters, lengths, straightness, head profiles, chamfers and undercuts must be checked.
Mechanical testing confirms the strength of different rivet batches. Hardness and tension testing are commonly used. Specialized tests like salt spray exposure or thermal cycling may evaluate performance under harsh environmental conditions. Monitoring processes statistically controls variability. Vision systems rapidly check for surface defects.
By combining CNC machining expertise with comprehensive quality assurance practices, manufacturers can deliver exceptional rivets for critical applications. The production metrics captured from the CNC programs also enable analysis for continual improvement activities.
Benefits of CNC Rivet Production
Transitioning from manual to CNC-based rivet manufacturing provides many benefits for quality, efficiency and capabilities. The foremost advantage of CNC machines is precision. Tolerances down to +/- 0.005 inches or better are attainable. This permits smaller, more delicate rivet designs. CNC consistency also allows broader specification limits to be held, maximizing yields.
Automating production with CNC increases output over manual methods. CNC also enables lights-out manufacturing which essentially runs around the clock with minimal direct labor.changeover times can be reduced through flexible CNC programs and tooling setups. By applying lean principles, waste and non-value steps in the rivet manufacturing process can be minimized.
Rivet design freedom is dramatically expanded with CNC. As opposed to standard off-the-shelf designs, custom geometries, lengths, diameters and head styles can be machined. This supports innovation and unique fastening solutions. Short runs become economically viable with CNC due to reduced setups.
Smart rivet production leverages the strengths of computer numerical control machining for quality, efficiency and design flexibility. Precision CNC manufacturing results in rivets that meet the tightest tolerances and withstand the most demanding applications. CNC Milling